It should be noted that Mussolini believed that it was necessary to bring back the Roman Empire; he solved the national question corporately. For Mussolini, it was important to provide equal cooperation of nations for achieving the same goal the organization of the absolute state where a person would be under the complete, both spiritual and physical control. In his turn, Hitler squeezed the juice from the doctrine of Mussolini, as well as from communist ideas, turning them into a monster, not only from the inside (total control over the person in the state), but also outside, making from German people a war machine for destruction and subjugation of other nations.

In this part of the essay I would like to consider similarities between Fascism and Nazism. Firs and main similarity is that Fascism and Nazism are totalitarian or authoritarian dictatorships. As a fact, Totalitarianism is an ideology. It should be noted that both Mussolini and Hitler had written their books, in which there were the doctrines of their regimes. In Italy it was “Doctrine of Fascism”, in Germany, Hitler’s “My Struggle”. As a result, these doctrines were the basis by which people were reassured, as described in Fascism and Nazism!

It can be said that in totalitarianism there is no place for the individual. All is absorbed by the state, in the case of Fascism or by society in case of Nazism. I think history confirms this statement. And the last similarity is the terror of totalitarianism. In Italy it was “the black shirts”, in Germany – Gestapo, as well as the “People’s Tribunal” and other bodies Nazi justice.

To sum it up I would like to express that these movements have arisen because of the economic crisis and political weakness, both in Germany and Italy. They were directed to a simple and poorly educated people, and appealed to the spirit of a nation that is always easy to ignite, especially against the backdrop of revolutionary turmoil and economic depression.

It should be noted that the phenomenon of European totalitarianism appeared in the 20th century in Italy, and a little later, Hitler took the part of the doctrine of fascism as a basis, and has created its own ideology, outlined in his book My Struggle. The main changes of Hitler, was the attitude towards the state and attitude to the nation. Fundamentally changing the idea of Mussolini and Lenin on the collaboration of nations, and with the racist idea of the supremacy of one nation of pure-race over others he created National Socialism.


Works cited

Lauren Axelrod. 2008. What is the Difference Between Fascism and Nazism? 14 February 2011.

Peter Sorlie. 2009. Fascism and Nazism! 14 February 2011